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中西节日调查比较 (霖)  

2018-02-20 23:11:10|  分类: 张函霖 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中西节日调查比较

在一年的末尾,我们分别迎来了中国的春节与西方的圣诞节,为各自最隆重的节日。都是什么样的节日呢?

一、节日名称

中国:从农历腊八节至元宵节称春节。

西方:公历1224日为平安夜,1225日为圣诞节,一直延续至14如当日是星期六,则延长至15日。

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽  中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽
   
 

二、节日由来:

中国:

春节,是农历正月初一,又叫阴历年,俗称“过年”。

春节的历史很悠久,它起源于殷商时期年头岁尾的祭神祭祖活动。春节到了,意味着春天将要来临,新一轮播种季节又要开始。充满喜悦地迎接这个节日。这是中国民间最隆重、最热闹的一个传统节日。

西方:

圣诞节,是基督教徒纪念耶稣基督诞生的日子,公认的日期是1225日。圣诞节本是一个宗教性的节日,后来逐渐演变成一个具有民族风格的全民性的节日。

相传那一晚,一个在旷野看守羊群的牧羊人,突然听见天上传来声音,报告耶稣隆生的好消息。后来,报佳音就变成圣诞节不可缺少的一个节目。

 

三、节日的盛况

中国:

农历腊月初八民间都要吃杂粮熬煮的腊八粥,从腊月二十三(或二十四日)过小年,人们便开始忙年:扫房屋、贴春联、洗头沐浴、准备年节器具等等,所有这些活动,有一个共同的主题,即辞旧迎新

年初一的前夕是除夕,最为隆重,家家户户团聚一堂,吃年夜饭,非常丰盛,吃饺子也最为流行,以庆祝五谷丰登,,预祝来年丰收。餐毕还要燃放烟火炮竹、扫地封门、派发压岁钱、守岁,直至次日凌晨。

年初一,要给长辈拜年。从年初二开始,走亲访友,最为欢乐。

年初五清晨起,家家户户接财神,极为虔诚隆重。

正月十五是元宵节,又掀起一个节日高潮,男男女老老少少上街猜灯谜、观花灯、放烟花……热闹非凡。


西方:

平安夜摆设圣诞树,千千万万的欧美人风尘仆仆地赶回家中团聚,共进丰盛的晚餐。圣诞餐主要食品为:火鸡或烤鹅、布丁以及各类小甜饼等。圣诞餐后,围坐在熊熊燃烧的火炉旁,弹琴唱歌,互相交换礼物,共叙天伦之乐;或者举办一个别开生面的化妆舞会,期待着圣诞节的到来。

据说圣诞之夜,圣诞老人会悄悄地给孩子们准备礼物放在长筒袜里。

圣诞夜在教堂举行弥撒,欢唱圣诞歌。子夜时分是圣诞夜的高潮,大弥撒结束,敲响钟声,迎来圣诞节。

 

 

四、节日的异同

1、相同点:

a.都在年末阶段。

b.全家团聚,品味佳肴。

c.燃点蜡烛,灯火通明。

d.馈送礼物,欢乐孩童。

e.通宵达旦,长夜不眠。

2、不同点

a. 中国是新年伊始;西方耶稣基督诞辰。

b.菜肴种类各异。——中国:传统的中式菜肴,北方吃饺子;西方:主要食品为火鸡或烤鹅、布丁以及各类小甜饼等。

c.中国通常都在家中度过除夕;西方通常去教堂做弥撒,唱歌敲钟。

d.中国的压岁钱压在枕头下;西方的圣诞老人的圣诞礼物放在长袜筒里。

e. 中国贴春联、年画;西方扎圣诞树、装扮圣诞老人。

f.中国是祭祀神佛、祭奠祖先;西方是纪念耶稣诞辰。

 

    


Comparison of Chinese and

western festivals

At the end of the year, we respectively ushered in the Chinese New Year and the Western Christmas, for each of the most solemn festivals. What kind of festivals are they?

 

一、 the name of the festival

China: from the lunar calendar to the Lantern Festival, the Spring Festival is called.

 


中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

The Gregorian calendar is Christmas Eve in December 24th and Christmas in December 25th. It continues until January 4th. If the day is Saturday, it is extended to January 5th.

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

 

 

二、The origin of the festival:

China

The Spring Festival is the 1th day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar, also called the lunar calendar year, commonly known as the "Chinese New Year".

The long history of the Spring Festival, which originated in the Shang period of the first activities of the ritual worship. The Spring Festival is coming, which means that spring is coming, and the new round of sowing season will begin again. The festival is greeted with joy. This is one of the most solemn and busiest traditional festivals in China.

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

The West:

Christmas is the day for Christians to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ, the accepted date of December 25th. Christmas is a religious festival, and then gradually evolved into a national style of the national festival.

Legend has it that night, a shepherd, suddenly heard a sound from heaven, Jesus the good news report longsheng. Later, it became an indispensable program for Christmas.

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

 

 

 

三、the festival's pageantry

China

The 8th day of the twelfth month of the Chinese lunar calendar folk have to eat boiled the Congee with Nuts and Dried Fruits, from the twelfth lunar month twenty-three (or twenty-four) the lunar year, people began to "busy" houses, couplets, wash bath, preparing for the festival appliances and so on, all of these activities, there is a common theme, namely "welcome new old".

On the eve of the Lunar New Year is the Lunar New Year's Eve, the most grand, every family reunion together to eat the dinner on New Year's Eve, is very rich, eat dumplings are the most popular, to celebrate a harvest in the new year, wish a bumper grain harvest. After the dinner and fireworks firecrackers, sweeping the floor door, a gift money, staying-up late on new year's Eve until the next morning.

On the first day of the year, we should give the elders a new year. From the beginning of the first year of the year, visiting friends and relatives is the most joyful.

At the beginning of our morning, every family with wealth, very pious grand.

The fifteen is the Lantern Festival, the festival has set off a climax, men and young and old street lantern riddles, watching lanterns, fireworks...... It's a great bustle.

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

The West:

The Christmas Eve Christmas tree decorations, and people rush home thousands on thousands of reunion fatigued with the journey of lavish dinner. The main food for the Christmas meal is Turkey or roast goose, Boudin and all kinds of cookies. After the Christmas dinner, sit around the burning stove, playing songs, exchange gifts, or hold a table of the happiness of a family union; open up a fresh outlook masquerade, looking forward to the arrival of christmas.

It is said that Santa Claus will quietly give the children gifts in the stockings on Christmas Eve.

The Christmas Eve mass at the church, sing a Christmas song. Midnight is the climax of Christmas Eve, the end of the mass, the sound of the bell, and the Christmas.




 

 中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

  

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

四、the similarities and differences between festivals and festivals

1, the same point:

A. is at the end of the year.

B. family reunion, taste delicacies.

C. burns candles, and the light is bright.

D. feeds gifts, happy children.

E. all through the night, sleepless night.

2, different points

A. China is the beginning of the new year.

 

Different kinds of dishes

B. China: Traditional Chinese dishes and dumplings in the North.

C. China usually spends new year's Eve at home.

D.Chinese money under the pillow is under the pillow.

E.Chinese spring festival couplet and annual painting.

F.China is a sacrifice to the god Buddha and the ancestor.

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽
 
 中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽
 

 中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

 

A. The west is the birth of Jesus Christ.

 

B.Western: the main food is Turkey or roast goose, Boudin and all kinds of cookies.

C.Usually go to the Western church mass, singing bell.

D.Christmas presents in the West are stockings in the stockings.

E.Western Christmas tree, dressed up as Santa Claus.

F.The West commemorates the birth of Jesus.

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

 中西节日调查比较 (霖) - 笋芽pzsz201212 - 笋芽

 
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